The peace talks in Sudan and Afghanistan and the conflict in Yemen

Sudan’s peace agreement signed between the transitional government and a coalition of rebel leaders is a chance to end conflicts in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The fight along the peripheries of the country involved the Army of Sudan and South Sudanese Sudan’s People Liberation Army, as well as rebels supported by both belligerent countries. The peace agreement brings the rebels into the transitional government and provides them positions which they will hold until the elections in 2023. They will be incorporated within the Sudanese military. Millions of displaced people will be assisted in returning to their homes.

The unprecedented official peace talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government are taking place in Doha. The conflict that lasts for almost two decades left the Taliban in control or having an influence over nearly half of the territory of Afghanistan. They oppose democratic elections, demand withdrawal of American forces from the country, and expect a meaningful role for themselves in the new government. Delegates of the current government of Afghanistan want the current constitution to remain unchanged, and protection of women’s and minority rights as well as civil liberties ensured.

The Saudi-led coalition has launched air raids on the Houthi barracks and military sites in the Yemeni capital Sanaa, according to the Houthi-run Saba news agency. Attacks were preceded by a strike on an “important target” in the capital of Saudi Arabia that, according to Houthi, was done with drones and ballistic missiles. The situation in Yemen worsens with the COVID pandemic. According to the UN Yemen experiences the worst humanitarian crisis in the world.